As a consequence of three consecutive years of drought, Cape Town has less than 90 days’ worth of water available in its reservoirs, making it potentially the first major city to run out of water.
Residents have been asked to drastically reduce their water use, with personal usage being capped at 87 litres per day.
This is not dissimilar to the water shortages that occurred in Sao Paulo, Brazil two years ago, which happened as a result of it experiencing its lowest rainfall since 1930.
How are these cities and others preparing for ongoing water shortages, beyond firefighting with restrictions on usage?
Will the price of water rise sharply?
How far will desalination and water harvesting technology help ward off crisis?
Which industries will be affected?